BSc 1st Year Botany Range of Thallus Organization Sample Model Practice Question Answer Papers

BSc 1st Year Botany Range of Thallus Organization Sample Model Practice Question Answer Papers

BSc 1st Year Botany Range of Thallus Organization Sample Model Practice Question Answer Papers:  BSc is a three-year program in most universities. Some of the universities also offer BSc Honours. After getting enrolled for BSc, there are certain things you require the most to get better grades/marks in BSc. Out of those, there are BSc Study Material, BSc Sample Model Practice Mock Question Answer Papers along with BSc Previous Year Papers. At gurujistudy.com you can easily get all these study materials and notes for free. Here in this post, we are happy to provide you with BSc 1st Year Botany Range of Thallus Organization Sample Model Practice Question Answer Papers.

BSc 1st Year Botany Range of Thallus Organization Sample Model Practice Question Answer Papers
BSc 1st Year Botany Range of Thallus Organization Sample Model Practice Question Answer Papers

BSc 1st Year Botany Range of Thallus Organization Sample Model Practice Question Answer Papers

Q.1. Describe the range of thallus organization in Algae as studied by you.

OR

Describe the Vegetative organization in the algal types studied by you.

OR

Describe the structure and range of forms of the thallus in green algae.

OR

Describe the different types of thallus structure in Chlorophyceae.

OR

Differentiate between Siphonaceous and filamentous thallus.

OR

Wrote a note on Heterotrichous habit.

Ans. The members of Algae show a great variation in the range of vegetative structures from primitive microscopic unicellular forms to macroscopic multicellular forms. The following are the various types of plant bodies met within this group. (BSc 1st Year Botany Range of Thallus Organization Sample Model Practice Question Answer Papers) 

1. Motile forms

            These forms of algae are the simplest in the organization of thallus. The simple types are unicellular and remain motile practically throughout their lifetime. Chlamydomonas affords an example of the simplest form seen in green algae. This is a spherical, unicellular, uninucleate, and biflagellate structure with a prominent cup-shaped chloroplast. The cells swim with the help of their flagella.

             The motile unicellular algae unite to form colonial from e.g., numbers of orders volovocales. These colonies move in water with the help of flagella of the peripheral cells. Each colony consists of a definite number of cells arranged in a specific manner e.g., Pascheriella has 2-4 cells, Gonium has 4-16 cells, Eudorina has 32 cells, and Volvox has 500-2000 cells in each colony. 

2. Palmelloid forms 

            Palmella stage is a temporary phase in the life history of many algae e.g., Chlamydomonas but in certain members of Chlorophyceae, Xanthophyceae, Chrysophyceae, etc. this state of existence becomes permanent. The plant body remains embedded in a common gelationous matrix, Chrysodeadrous, Tetraspora, Chlorococus, Sphaerocystis, etc.

3. Coccoid forms 

            In certain members of order chloroccacales the small non-motile cells are held together to form non-motile colonies with either a definite or indefinite number of cells. They are free-floating colonies e.g., Pediastrum, and Hydrodictyon (water net).

4. Filamentous forms 

            Some algae have thread-like plant bodies. These threads are known as filaments. The filamentous forms have been derived either from palmellate or unicellular motile forms. The filamentous algae contain filaments which are composed of several cells placed one above the other e.g., Ulothrix, Spirogyra, Oedogonium, Nostoc, and Oscillatoria. This is known as an unbranched filamentous habit. Sometimes the filaments may be branched. e.g., Cladophora. This is known as branched filamentous habit.

5. Heterotrichous forms 

            This type of thallus is found within the chaeophorals among the green algae. This consists of two parts (1) Prostrate creeping system (2) Erect projecting system. Stegiocolonium and Fritschiella, both systems are fairly developed while in others out of these two systems one is better developed, the other being less developed, reduced, or completely suppressed e.g., Choleochate, Drapandiopsis.

6. Siphonaceous forms

            In this case, the unicellular plant body is enlarged to form a non-septate multinucleate sac. The plan of construction of the plant body has its limitations. Protosiphon has a separate, unbranched tubular thallus containing numerous nuclei. In Vaucheria the thallus is branched and contains numerous nuclei. In Caulerpa, there is a complex development of Coenocytic branches to form a thallus, which may be 10 cm in height with a definite external form.

7. Complex forms

            In some plants, like Chara, the plant body is highly developed. In this case, the plant remains attached to the soil by means of a rhizoid. These branches are of limited and unlimited growth, the former bearing sex organs. Apparently, the plant looks like a small angiosperm.

8. Advanced type

            These forms arise from filamentous forms in due course of time by gradual evolution. These may be uniaxial forms that have one main axis surrounded by the cells of other adjacent branches.

These give the rough appearance of pseudoparenchymatous plant bodies e.g., Batrachospermum. (BSc 1st Year Botany Range of Thallus Organization Sample Model Practice Question Answer Papers)

            Some forms may be Multiaxial which have a single central siphon that may or may not be interconnected with each other e.g., Polysiphonia.

9. Parenchymatous type

            These forms are developed by the rapid division of cells in filamentous habit. These forms show multicellular with many layered structures e.g., Ulva, Fucus, Sargassum. (BSc 1st Year Botany Range of Thallus Organization Sample Model Practice Question Answer Papers)

            Thus, from the above account, we see that there is a gradual evolution of vegetative structure from unicellular forms to multicellular parenchymatous forms.

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BSc 1st Year Botany Range of Thallus Organization Sample Model Practice Question Answer Papers

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